Justice Elena Kagan adds an apostrophe and “s” to the possessive of Congress. Justice Clarence Thomas only adds an apostrophe. Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. uses sentence fragments for effect—”Tough as a three-dollar steak.” You won’t find fragments in the opinions of Justice Anthony Kennedy in recent terms.

Despite some individual differences, the Roberts court displays a more liberal, modern and conversational bent in writing style in general, Jill Barton, a legal writing professor at the University of Miami School of Law, says in her study “Supreme Court Splits…on Grammar and Writing Style.”