At an event in East Windsor over the 2020 budget late Wednesday afternoon, Gov. Phil Murphy said he had not quite digested everything about Senate President Steve Sweeney’s announcement earlier in the day of the recreational marijuana legalization effort’s discontinuation for 2019.
Sweeney said lawmakers would suspend efforts to pass legislation legalizing recreational use of marijuana for those 21 and over, but go ahead with bills that seek to expand the state’s medical marijuana program and provide for expungement of criminal records for minor marijuana offenses.
“I have a mixed reaction, but I certainly don’t disagree with him [Sweeney] on medical marijuana and expungement,” Murphy said at the East Windsor event. “The devil is in the details.”
Murphy said he was surprised that the Senate president cast some blame on him for the recreational marijuana bill’s stall.
“That’s the first time I’ve heard him [Sweeney] say that,” Murphy said. “He said to me privately on many occasions that he appreciated enormously my leadership and help on this. I thought it was a very good team effort among the Senate president, the speaker and myself. We didn’t quite get there. We had the votes in one chamber. We came close in the other. But life goes on.”
“It’s hard to do it legislatively, I admit,” Murphy said on putting recreational marijuana to a 2020 voter referendum. “It’s always been a default to go to a referendum and ask the people, but again, I heard this this morning and I am still digesting the pieces.”
Murphy said he was for making the expungement bill separate and maintaining its social justice component.
“I’m not sure what the political calculation is, but I do know this calculation: as long as it’s illegal, 600 people a week are going to get arrested and 450 or more of them will be persons of color, that will add to what is already an alarming inequity in our criminal justice system,” Murphy said.
An expungement bill was first introduced in November 2018, though it could be revised, Sweeney said. S-3205, sponsored by Sens. Sandra Bolden Cunningham (D-Hudson), M. Teresa Ruiz (D-Essex) and Sweeney, would:
- Reform the process for expungement of criminal records;
- Expand the categories of people eligible for expungement;
- Establish a “clean slate” expungement to allow someone ineligible under the new provisions to apply for expungement;
- Allow for the expungement of controlled dangerous substance convictions of the third or fourth degree; and
- Allow all convictions for controlled dangerous substance crimes to be treated the same as other crimes and offenses in terms of eligibility for expungement.
Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin (D-Middlesex) said in a statement that he was pleased that Sweeney plans to act on the expungement legislation.
“Broader regulation around expungement will give thousands of New Jerseyans the opportunity to right the wrongs of the past and clean the slate making it easier to gain employment, buy a home or get a loan,” Coughlin said. “Social justice and social equity have always been the foundation of support for me and my caucus for adult use cannabis. Those issues should not fall by the wayside if we are not able to achieve the votes for adult-use cannabis.”
The medical marijuana bill, S-10, sponsored by Sens. Joseph Vitale (D-Middlesex) and Nicholas Scutari (D-Middlesex) is intended to remove barriers to access for patients and allow physicians and health-care providers to prescribe cannabis for a wider range of conditions. It would:
- Allow for a more extensive list of diagnosed conditions;
- Increase the number of dispensaries;
- Expand the list of professionals who can authorize patient use;
- Increase access to caregivers;
- Increase the amount of cannabis that patients could obtain; and
- Phase out the tax on medical cannabis