RECESS CHALLENGE

Congressional Republicans joined in a lawsuit challenging President Obama’s recess appointments to the National Labor Relations Board. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) and 41 other Republican senators filed an amicus brief in Noel Canning Corp.’s challenge to the constitutionality of the appointments, which came in January during a two-day break between “pro forma” sessions.

MILITARY EXPORT SCHEME

A Chinese national has been charged in New York with participating in a multimillion-­dollar scheme to export military-grade carbon fiber to China for use in fighter aircraft, bypassing export restrictions, federal prosecutors said. The man, identified in court papers as Ming Suan Zhang, was charged in U.S. district court in Brooklyn, N.Y., for his alleged role in attempting to export thousands of pounds of carbon fiber.

JUSTICES TARGETED

The president of The Florida Bar has joined critics attacking the Republican Party of Florida’s decision to oppose three state Supreme Court justices up for retention in the general election. Justices Fred Lewis, Barbara Pariente and Peggy Quince — generally considered centrists or left of center — face merit retention votes on November 6. “Maintaining the integrity and impartiality of Florida’s judges is critical to preserving the principles of democracy on which our country was founded,” Gwynne Young said.

IMMIGRANT KIDS

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled, 6-5, that the children of undocumented immigrants who are granted derivative visas can immigrate to the United States along with their parents, even if they turned 21 while waiting for their parents’ visas to be processed. Judge Mary Murguia wrote that the Board of Immigration Appeals’ interpretation “conflicts with the plain language” of the Child Status Protection Act.

GLOBAL WARMING SUIT

Residents of an Alaskan village threatened by an eroding coastline have lost an appeal in a closely watched case against some of the biggest oil producers in the world. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled on September 21 that the village of Kivalina could not recover money damages from energy companies for greenhouse gas emissions that the plaintiffs said threaten the destruction of their coastal homes.

NO TEST REQUIRED

For the first time in state history, the Minnesota Supreme Court has ­admitted to practice a graduate of a foreign law school without requiring her to pass the state’s bar examination. The court ruled that JaneAnne Murray, who holds a law degree from the University of Cambridge, possessed the education and professional experience necessary to exempt her from the usual requirements for bar admission, and would suffer undue hardship if refused.

STANFORD IN AFGHANISTAN

Stanford Law School students will help design a law degree program for Afghanistan under a $7.2 million grant from the U.S. State Department. The federal grant was directed to the school’s Afghanistan Legal Education Project, a student-led initiative launched in 2007 to promote legal training.