(Credit: Orion Pictures)
The European Parliament is calling for the establishment of laws to govern robots and artificial intelligence.
A draft report outlining a possible regulatory framework was approved by the European Parliament’s legal affairs committee on Thursday.
It covers a broad range of AI-related issues, from liability in accidents involving driverless cars to the possibility of creating a new legal status of “electronic persons” for the most sophisticated autonomous robots.
The report suggests that artificial intelligence should be broadly designed in accordance with The Three Laws of Robotics—a set of rules devised by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov that stipulates robots must obey orders and not injure humans. It also recommends that robots should be fitted with “kill” switches so that they can be shut down in emergencies.
In addition, the report looks at the risk of mass unemployment caused by workers in various industries being replaced by machines.
“A growing number of areas of our daily lives are increasingly affected by robotics,” says European member of parliament Mady Delvaux, who authored the report. “In order to address this reality and to ensure that robots are and will remain in the service of humans, we urgently need to create a robust European legal framework”.
The full house of the European Parliament will vote on the draft proposals next month.
Artificial intelligence is becoming increasingly widespread in Big Law, with growing numbers of major U.S. and international law firms turning to machine learning technology in an attempt to cut costs and improve efficiency. Baker & Hostetler; Clifford Chance; DLA Piper; Dentons; Latham & Watkins; Linklaters; Slaughter and May; and Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz are among those that have signed deals with AI software providers such as Kira Systems, Luminance, ROSS Intelligence and RAVN Systems.
A group of U.S. and U.K. scientists recently created AI software that can accurately predict lawsuit results.