It’s a basic concept: Civil rights protection is a function of a person’s physical location. State courts use their constitutions to expand civil-liberties protections beyond those rights granted by the federal Constitution’s Bill of Rights.

Across the nation, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, California, Texas, Maine and others have identified additional constitutional protections beyond those in the federal document. Because Internet transactions transcend state boundaries, however, states might be restrained from applying such additional protections to Internet transactions.