In what could be a high-stakes battle between two of the biggest makers of liquid crystal displays, Sharp Corp. has sued Samsung Electronics Co., accusing its rival of infringing five of its patents on LCD technologies often used in televisions, computer monitors and cell phones.

The lawsuit, filed Monday in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, centers on patents related to various methods Sharp said it developed to improve the quality of LCD displays. The Japanese electronics company is seeking unspecified damages, a ban on infringing products and a jury trial.