The Kansas Court of Appeals affirmed a lower court ruling that a sheriff’s deputy did violate a man’s Fourth Amendment rights by attempting a public safety stop that turned into an arrest, drawing a strong dissent that argued “the state failed to present objective, specific and articulable facts” showing the stop had been lawful

In a Feb. 3 ruling in State of Kansas v. McDonald, a 2-1 majority ruled that the deputy’s encounter with defendant Tyler McDonald was a legitimate public safety stop.