Lawyers following a First Amendment case before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit are raising alarms over its treatment of the editorial content rights of the nation’s largest social media platforms.

The Fifth Circuit, in NetChoice v. Paxton, upheld a Texas law, House Bill 20, that in many ways disrupts the ability of social media platforms, including Twitter and Meta, from moderating hate speech and other forms of speech that violate their codes of conduct.