The federal judge overseeing the criminal fraud case against Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes and the blood-testing company’s former COO and president, Ramesh Balwani, largely turned back a trio of motions to dismiss the case their defense lawyers filed late last year.

In an order handed down Tuesday evening, U.S. District Judge Edward Davila of the Northern District of California, however, did narrow the government’s case by finding that prosecutors would not be able to show that doctors or insured patients were victims of fraud since they weren’t directly paying for Theranos’ allegedly inconsistent test.