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On April 28, 1998, appellant Gerry Payne pled guilty to one count of attempted possession with intent to distribute cocaine. *fn1 He was sentenced by the Superior Court on June 17, 1998, to a three to nine year term of incarceration (execution suspended as to all but thirty days), and to three years of supervised probation. Mr. Payne was to serve his thirty days over ten consecutive weekends beginning on Friday, June 19, 1998, and ending on Sunday, August 23, 1998. The beginning of Mr. Payne’s term of probationary supervision is unfortunately not as clearly delineated. He contends that it began immediately, on June 17, when the trial court issued its sentencing order and he registered for probation at the appropriate office in the Superior Court. But as the trial court has noted, Mr. Payne did not actually report for supervision until he attended a probation orientation on July 1, 1998. In any event, regardless of when his probationary term began, on June 15, 2001, a violation report was sent to the trial judge. It was received in her chambers on June 21, 2001, and on July 2, 2001, she issued an order directing Mr. Payne to appear and show cause why his probation should not be revoked for non-criminal violations of the conditions of his release. Mr. Payne appeared as ordered and was taken into custody pending further proceedings.

Following a hearing on October 2, 2001, the court revoked probation and sentenced Mr. Payne to sixteen to eighteen months of incarceration. The trial judge rejected Mr. Payne’s argument that she lacked jurisdiction to issue a show cause order because his probationary term had expired. Relying upon our decision in Belcher v. United States, 572 A.2d 453 (D.C. 1990), the trial court found that the thirty weekend days Mr. Payne had been in custody tolled the probationary period. This timely appeal, motion for release pending appeal, and opposition soon followed. But as the record presented was insufficient for us to assess the motion for release, we directed the trial court to issue written reasons for its detention of Mr. Payne. A responsive order was promptly transmitted on October 24th.

The trial court concluded that Mr. Payne failed to show by clear and convincing evidence that he is “not likely to flee or pose a danger to any other person or property of others” under D.C. Code � 23-1325 (c) (2001). *fn2 Specifically, the record established that Mr. Payne has a criminal history reflecting a guilty plea on April 28, 1998 to attempted possession with intent to distribute cocaine, and a 1993 conviction for simple assault. In a September 2001 pre-sentence report, Mr. Payne was “deemed at medium level risk to the community.” During the early part of his probation period he tested positive for cocaine use on more than one occasion, and subsequently failed to report for drug testing. He failed to keep “numerous appointments” with his probation officer and to meet other conditions of his probation. In addition, a bench warrant was necessary to compel his attendance at his probation revocation hearing. Thus, the trial court determined that Mr. Payne could not satisfy the first prong of � 23-1325 (c). Turning to the second prong of the statute, the trial court agreed that Mr. Payne had raised “a substantial question of law or fact . . . about which there is no appellate precedent directly on point.” However, the trial court reasoned that under our decision in Belcher v. United States, supra, the intervening period of incarceration tolled the probationary period, and hence, Mr. Payne could not meet the second prong of � 23-1325 (c) – that “the appeal . . . raise[] a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in a reversal.”

 
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