The appearance of partiality should have led a federal judge to recuse himself from a criminal case that ended the fraud convictions of two men in the Western District of New York, an appeals court has ruled.

In vacating the convictions of Robert and Richard Amico, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals cautioned that it was not implying that Judge Charles Siragusa had committed any misconduct and said that he had shown “considerable skill and professionalism.”