Related: Bashman Archive

In August 1993, the number of females serving as justices on the Supreme Court of the United States increased from one to two. The presence of a second female justice on the Court appeared to pose a particular challenge to many advocates at oral argument, because thereafter it became a common occurrence for attorneys while orally arguing cases to refer to Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg as “Justice O’Connor” or to refer to Justice Sandra Day O’Connor as “Justice Ginsburg.”