It took president Reagan an average of 15 days longer to nominate federal judges than it took his predecessor, Jimmy Carter. It took President Bush 42 days longer than it took President Reagan. And it has taken President Clinton 19 days longer than it took President Bush.

Overall, the time that it takes from the day a judicial vacancy occurs for the president to forward a nomination for the seat to the Senate has grown from an average of 240 days under President Carter to 315 days under President Clinton, according to a first-of-its-kind study by Citizens for Independent Courts, a nonpartisan group that promotes judicial independence.