Fed up with an onslaught of job discrimination suits against its160,000-plus members, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce set out two years ago toeven the score through a strategic campaign waged in appellate courts andlegislatures around the country.

On June 22, those efforts started to bear judicial fruit. A Supreme Courtmajority took a page from the business group’s friend of the court briefand, in a case that received little attention amid a flurry of rulings in thewaning days of the term, made it more difficult for workers to wrest punitivedamages from errant employers.