The year-old Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) leaves little room for judicial interpretation.

Congress has enacted copyright legislation with increasing frequency over the past quarter-century. The Copyright Act of 1909 governed U.S. copyright for almost 70 years, before the first major legislative overhaul arrived in the form of the Copyright Act of 1976. [FOOTNOTE 1]With few exceptions, [FOOTNOTE 2]the 1976 Act followed the pattern of its predecessor by providing a framework that left the details to the courts to crystallize.