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Click here for the full text of this decision FACTS:The city of Dallas appeals the trial court’s order granting Jesus Mario Lopez’s writ of habeas corpus ordering the city to pay $967,534 to Lopez and his attorney. On Jan. 21, 2005, a magistrate issued a search warrant. In executing the warrant that same day, Dallas police officers recovered 7 kilograms of cocaine, weapons, body armor and $967,534. Ten days later, the same magistrate ordered the currency transferred pursuant to Texas Code of Criminal Procedure Article 59.03(c) of the to the Drug Enforcement Agency for initiation of forfeiture proceedings in accordance with federal law. That same day, the city sent Lopez notice of the transfer of the currency from state to federal custody. Ultimately, Lopez was indicted for possession with intent to deliver cocaine in an amount of 400 grams or more. The DEA sent Lopez notice of seizure and forfeiture proceedings and gave him time to file a claim with the DEA for return of the money. Lopez did not file a claim with the DEA. Instead, he filed a document entitled “Writ of Habeas Corpus” in the 283rd Judicial District Court. At the writ hearing, Lopez essentially argued the city could not lawfully transfer money seized by Dallas police to the federal authorities for forfeiture proceedings without allowing the owner of the money to participate in the decision to transfer. Lopez asserted that this violated Articles 59.02 and 59.03, violated his state and federal constitutional rights and was “just a sham where the City is attempting to circumvent the State forfeiture laws by purporting to just launder this through the Federal Government.” Lopez asserted the federal government did not have the authority to “adopt” property from a city absent a “State order” releasing jurisdiction. The trial judge granted Lopez’s writ and signed a document entitled “Order Granting Writ of Habeas Corpus.” The order provided that “the City’s purported ‘Transfer’ of Defendant/Claimant’s currency to the DEA is SET ASIDE as invalid and void” and ordered the city to deliver “to Defendant/Claimant’s Counsel a valid check payable to Defendant/Claimant and his counsel in the amount of the actual amount of currency seized, not less than $967,534 not later than April 4, 2005.” HOLDING:Vacated and dismissed. Lopez suggests that this court disregard the title of the document filed, presented and argued to the trial court � “Writ of Habeas Corpus” � and argues this court should not be confined to the context of a writ when analyzing this case. Because all arguments in the trial court on the matter were couched in terms of a writ of habeas corpus and the order signed by the trial court is specifically addressed to a writ of habeas corpus motion, the court declines to recharacterize the nature of the proceedings on appeal. “The writ of habeas corpus is the remedy to be used when any person is restrained in his liberty.” Article 11.01. The Texas habeas corpus statute extends to cases involving “confinement and restraint.” Article 11.23. It is an order that is directed to one having a person in restraint. In contrast, Lopez’s writ of habeas corpus asked for the return of money. The trial court’s order dealt only with the return of money. Because the request did not concern the restraint of the person of Lopez, the trial court erred in granting the writ, much less granting the writ and ordering the return or payment of money. The court concludes that the trial court erred in granting the writ of habeas corpus and ordering the city to return to Lopez and his attorney the $967,534 in currency seized during the execution of the search warrant. OPINION:Frances, J.; Whittington, Francis and Lang, JJ.

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