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Click here for the full text of this decision FACTS:The appellant was in jail on a drug charge when police questioned him about the instant murder, which had occurred several years earlier. Although the appellant was known by police to be represented in the drug case by counsel and one of the interrogating officers had been informed by counsel that he wanted to be present when officers interviewed the appellant, two officers questioned the appellant without contacting his attorney. The officers began by continuing discussions about the drug case but soon went on to the murder. During this interview, parts of which were recorded on audiotape, appellant stated that he wanted to stop. The tape recorder was turned off for eight minutes; it was then turned back on, and the appellant made a recorded confession to the murder. The trial court denied the appellant’s motion to suppress. At trial, the appellant again objected to the admission of the audiotape of the confession or the transcription of it. The trial court overruled appellant’s objection and admitted those items into evidence, and the jury convicted the appellant. On appeal, the appellant’s sole point of error claimed that the trial court erred when it did not suppress the recorded confession, alleging that it was obtained in violation of his Fifth Amendment right to remain silent under Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966). The court of appeals concluded that the trial court erred in admitting the confession and that the error was not harmless. It therefore reversed the judgment of the trial court and remanded the cause to that court for a new trial. HOLDING:Reversed and remanded. When the voluntariness of a statement is challenged, of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure article 38.22 6 requires the trial court to make written fact findings and conclusions of law as to whether the challenged statement was made voluntarily. It is well settled that Article 38.22 6, “is mandatory in its language and that it requires a trial court to file its findings of fact and conclusions of law regarding the voluntariness of a confession whether or not the defendant objects to the absence of such omitted filing.” Wicker v. State, 740 S.W.2d 779, 783 (Tex. Crim. App. 1987), cert. denied, 485 U.S. 938 (1988). See also McKittrick v. State, 535 S.W.2d 873, 876 (Tex. Crim. App. 1976). The court’s review of the record reflects that the trial court did not issue the requisite written findings of fact and conclusions of law. Thus, the court of appeals made its decision without the benefit of the requisite findings and conclusions. The proper procedure is that the trial judge be directed to make the required written findings of fact and conclusions of law. The court remands this cause to the court of appeals with instructions to require compliance by the trial court with the provisions of Article 38.22, 6, and to reconsider the voluntariness of appellant’s confession in light of those findings of fact and conclusions of law. OPINION:Johnson, J.; joined by Meyers, Price, Womack, Keasler, Hervey, Holcomb, and Cochran, JJ., delivered the opinion of the Court. Keller, P.J., dissents.

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