Adopting a nine-factor balancing test for deciding when litigants may keep their real names secret, the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that pseudonyms should be reserved for those who can show a “reasonable” fear of “severe” harm.

In a rare move, the 3rd Circuit adopted as its own a test that was announced by the late U.S. District Judge Clarence C. Newcomer in his 1997 decision in Doe v. Provident Life and Accident Insurance Co.

This content has been archived. It is available through our partners, LexisNexis® and Bloomberg Law.

To view this content, please continue to their sites.

Not a Lexis Subscriber?
Subscribe Now

Not a Bloomberg Law Subscriber?
Subscribe Now

Why am I seeing this?

LexisNexis® and Bloomberg Law are third party online distributors of the broad collection of current and archived versions of ALM's legal news publications. LexisNexis® and Bloomberg Law customers are able to access and use ALM's content, including content from the National Law Journal, The American Lawyer, Legaltech News, The New York Law Journal, and Corporate Counsel, as well as other sources of legal information.

For questions call 1-877-256-2472 or contact us at [email protected]