California’s Supreme Court on Wednesday stepped into the latest potential clash between state and federal arbitration laws, granting review in a case that could ultimately wind up at the U.S. Supreme Court.

The state high court agreed to hear Hohenshelt v. Superior Court (Golden State Foods Corp.), a case challenging a 2019 statute that revokes litigants’ right to arbitrate their employment or consumer cases if they don’t pay their neutrals’ fees on time. In February, a split Second District Court of Appeal panel held in Hohenshelt that California’s don’t-arbitrate-if-you-pay-late law is not preempted by the Federal Arbitration Act.