Speak slowly and enunciate. Stop speaking any time a judge chimes in with a question. And make sure you’re in a quiet room away from any children or pets.

In some ways, preparing for and handling oral argument during the COVID-19 pandemic is very similar to the way litigators have always gotten things done. You read all the cases, prepare for all the potential questions, and try to get a good night’s rest the night before. But as courts move more and more arguments typically held in person in real-life courtrooms to the telephone or videoconference, litigators across the country have had to adapt.