“Immunity from civil liability is an ‘exceptional protection,’” see N.W.M. v. Langenbach, 25 EAP 2022 (Pa. May 31, 2024) (quoting Scampone v. Highland Park Care Center, 57 A.3d 582, 596 (Pa. 2012)).

In N.W.M., the Pennsylvania Supreme Court determined that guardians ad litem (GAL) are not quasi-judicial and thus not immune from claims in legal malpractice arising out of the GAL’s role in representing the best interests of the child.