Justice at Work (formerly Friends of Farmworkers, Inc.) has long played an active role in advocacy both within Pennsylvania and nationally on behalf of Limited English Proficient (LEP) individuals. The need for such advocacy has long been apparent for most of the clients of the organization in our more than 45 years of work as a nonprofit legal services organization.

In August 2000, President William Clinton issued Executive Order 13166 “Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency.” That executive order recognized that the failure by recipients of federal funding to make programs and services accessible to LEP individuals could constitute national origin discrimination in violation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and its implementing regulations. Significantly, EO 13166 also imposed on federal agencies themselves an obligation to ensure that eligible LEP persons can “meaningfully access the agency’s programs and activities.”