Recognition of same-sex marriage nationwide in the historic 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584, 192 L. Ed. 2d 609 (2015) was a huge step forward for the LGBTQ community, but many steps remain in the United States toward achieving full equality. Among the crucial areas where same-sex couples require legal assistance is establishing and protecting parental rights.

When married straight couples have a child, the legal default is that both the husband and wife are recognized as the legal parent for all purposes. However, that is not always the case when a child is born to a married same-sex couple. In the case of a two-woman couple, the woman who gives birth will be legally recognized as a parent, but that is not necessarily true for her wife.