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Daniel Pollack and Elisa Reiter Daniel Pollack, attorney and professor at Yeshiva University’s School of Social Work in New York City, and Elisa Reiter, family law attorney.

Commonly a symbol for fairness and impartiality before the law, Lady Justice, also known as “Justitia,” is usually depicted blindfolded, with scales in one hand, and a sword in the other. The message of each prop is straightforward. The blindfold represents impartiality, the scales represent a precise weighing of evidence, and the sword represents swift justice. Interestingly, Justitia only donned her blindfold in the 16th century. What happened? Before then, she didn’t need a blindfold. Remarkably, her innate character trait of fairness was presumed and unquestioned.

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