A battle over gun insurance is forming with a New York regulator fining insurers and brokers of National Rifle Association-branded policies for selling policies within the state that cover legal costs connected with criminal defense expenses that might arise from legal gun ownership. The fined companies have stopped selling the policies, and the NRA has filed a federal lawsuit against the insurance broker for withdrawing.

On Friday, the National Rifle Association filed a lawsuit against Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo and the Department of Financial Services and Superintendent Maria Vullo in federal district court in Albany alleging that they are depriving NRA members’ constitutional rights in the state’s regulatory actions against insurers providing gun owner liability insurance in New York. The governor called the lawsuit “frivolous,” according to an Associated Press report.

The NRA’s complaint is seeking damages for what the organization alleges are violations of members’ free speech, equal protection and due process under state and federal laws following DFS-imposed consent orders and fines earlier this month against a Chubb Ltd. subsidiary and an insurance broker that sold NRA-branded “Carry Guard” gun owner liability policies in New York.

The New York Department of Financial Services  fined insurance broker Lockton Affinity $7 million in connection with sales of a NRA-branded “Carry Guard” insurance program and similar products for gun owners, and also separately fined a subsidiary of Chubb Group Holdings $1.3 million for underwriting the same type of insurance, as part of consent orders with the companies announced earlier this month.

DFS Superintendent Maria Vullo said in a statement earlier this week the actions followed a DFS probe, which found that the NRA “Carry Guard” program sold by the Chubb subsidiary Illinois Union Insurance Co. and broker Lockton Affinity provided liability insurance, violating state law. Lockton Affinity is licensed as an excess lines insurer in New York. The NRA is not licensed to operate as a business in New York state, DFS said.

An attorney for the NRA, William Brewer III, founding partner at Brewer, Attorneys & Counselors, which has offices in Dallas and New York, signaled a looming battle over gun liability policies on Wednesday, saying in an emailed statement, “The NRA will take appropriate steps to make sure law-abiding gun owners in New York and across the country have access to the insurance coverage they need.”

The gun rights organization also has filed a lawsuit in federal district court in Virginia against Lockton Affinity over its discontinuance of the insurance program.

The “Carry Guard” insurance policies brokered by Lockton and issued by Chubb and Illinois Union provided coverage for policyholders and their family members for bail, attorney fees and retainer expenses and defense of criminal charges, among other costs, connected with being criminally prosecuted for using a legally owned weapon.

New York’s DFS asserts the policies violate state law because they offered defense coverage in a criminal proceeding and liability coverage for bodily injury or property damage intended by the policyholder beyond the use of reasonable force; as well as coverage for psychological counseling support, which is not permitted in excess lines coverage in the state. (Civil litigation coverage is permitted, a DFS spokesman said.) As part of the order, the insurance companies agreed to notify policyholders within 10 business days that they are canceling all Carry Guard policies within 90 days from the date of notice, and returning the premiums.

Following the Parkland, Florida, mass school shooting, Lockton notified the NRA in February that it would no longer broker NRA co-branded insurance programs. On May 4, the NRA filed a federal civil lawsuit (1:18 cv-542-AJT/TCB) against Lockton in the Eastern District of Virginia, Alexandria division, alleging the brokerage breached its contract with the organization by discontinuing the programs. A Lockton spokesman said it was not appropriate to comment on pending litigation.

Brewer said in an emailed statement Wednesday of the lawsuit: “The NRA believes that Lockton violated its fiduciary obligations—to the detriment of the organization, insurance program it was entrusted to run, and the policyholders who obtained protections by those insurance products.”

He said Lockton had provided expertise and various insurance products with the NRA for more than 20 years. “For reasons that are unclear to us—and were never communicated to the NRA in accordance with Lockton’s contractual obligations—the company is beating a retreat from its prior advice that these products complied with applicable state regulations in all respects.”

Meanwhile, Reuters reported on Wednesday that Lloyd’s of London also announced that it would tell its syndicates to stop writing or offering all insurance made available or endorsed by the NRA. The company said it also is under inquiry by New York’s DFS. Chubb provided notice in October 2017 that it was voluntarily terminating its participation nationally in the Carry Guard program, a spokesman said.

Lockton Affinity and the NRA wrote or offered at least 11 other firearms-related insurance programs to NRA members in New York state from January 2000 to March 2018, issuing more than 28,000 policies and collecting more than $12 million in premiums during that period, according to the consent order. Chubb, Illinois Union and Lockton said they had sold 680 Carry Guard policies between April and November 2017 to New York residents but had received no claims. The NRA also received royalties from the program.

Chubb and Illinois Union agreed under their consent order to stop selling “Carry Guard” policies in New York state or to its residents. The companies also agreed not to enter into any other agreements for NRA co-branded insurance in New York. Additionally, Lockton Affinity agreed in its consent order not to distribute policies from other insurers for residents that provide the banned coverages.

Dean Davison, senior vice president for communications at Lockton Affinity, said in an emailed statement Wednesday, “When we learned of New York regulatory issues in our Affinity business in the course of an investigation by the New York DFS, we immediately went to work to begin resolving them. As part of our settlement, we will continue to cooperate with the New York regulators to remediate any issues or concerns.”

Chubb said in an emailed statement Wednesday about the DFS order that “Chubb at all times intended and believed its coverage to be in full compliance with New York law.”

Kevin Rampe, Chubb Group general counsel, and John Mulhern of Drinker Biddle & Reath represented Chubb and Illinois Union in the consent order, which was signed by Joseph Wayland, executive vice president and general counsel of Chubb Group Holdings.

Scott Edelman of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy and Andrew Holland of Sidley Austin represented Lockton Companies LLC and Lockton Affinity in the consent order, which was signed by William Humphrey, secretary of Lockton Affinity.

This story has been updated with information on the NRA’s civil complaint filed Friday in the Northern District of New York.