U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez
(AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

Jurors began deliberations Monday in the corruption trial of U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez, D-New Jersey, after a closing argument by Abbe Lowell, Menendez’ lawyer, which informed the jury of a new, narrower definition of bribery under U.S. Supreme Court case law.

The 12-member jury was handed the case after hearing more than two months of testimony  and being instructed by U.S. District Judge William Walls, who is presiding at trial, to return a unanimous verdict.

Lowell underscored the long-running friendship between his client and Florida eye doctor Salomon Melgen, a co-defendant in the case, as a defense to the bribery charges. Lowell also asserted that meetings and calls by Menendez and his staff to cabinet-level officials concerning port security and Medicare billing policies did not support the bribery charges because they arose from the senator’s own legitimate public policy objectives, not attempts to help Melgen with his business ventures.

Lowell also suggested that charges against his client would not meet the revised definition of bribery outlined in the 2016 U.S. Supreme Court ruling overturning a corruption conviction in McDonnell v. United States. In that ruling, the corruption conviction of former Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell was reversed based on a new, narrower definition of an official act.

Lowell’s closing came after the prosecution and lawyers for Melgen wrapped up their cases on Nov. 2.

In the Menendez case, Melgen is accused of seeking the senator’s help in a dispute with the Medicare program, which accused him of overbilling by $8.9 million. Melgen was accused of multidosing, or stretching one vial of medicine to treat two or three patients. Menendez claimed the government regulations on multidosing were unclear and a waste of government resources.

“As Judge Walls told you [in the jury charge], a matter must be more specific in focus than a broad policy objective,” Lowell said at Monday’s closing argument.

Lowell also said allegations over Menendez’s alleged intervention in Melgen’s Medicare billing dispute and his port security business could not be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. What’s more, instructions that come with forms in which senators report gifts don’t make it clear whether personal hospitality from a friend must be reported, Melgen said.

Lowell also said that Menendez’s attempts to help three women friends of Melgen obtain U.S. visas were not related to any things of value he received from Melgen, but were typical of numerous immigration cases in which the senator intervened on behalf of applicants.

Menendez is accused of accepting free flights on Melgen’s private jet, political contributions and accommodations at upscale hotels in exchange for intervening with federal officials on the doctor’s behalf in a Medicare billing dispute, providing help for regulatory issues concerning Melgen’s port security business and helping three women friends of Melgen obtain visas.

Lowell told jurors that Menendez’s enjoyment of hospitality from Melgen and advocacy on his behalf was no different from the jurors themselves inviting a friend to share a beach house or giving assistance with a friend’s problem.

“This case is not about what was done, but why it was done. Friendship answers that completely,” Lowell said.

Lowell also accused the prosecution of failing to establish a quid pro quo in its allegations about Menendez’s alleged advocacy for Melgen, and criticized what he called the “kitchen sink” indictment, likening its 18 counts to prosecutors throwing spaghetti on the wall to see if it sticks.

In his rebuttal to Lowell’s closing argument, Assistant U.S. Attorney Peter Koski repeatedly accused the defense attorney of “sleight of hand.”

“The issue in this case is not whether Sen. Menendez and Dr. Melgen were friends. The issue is whether they committed a crime together,” Koski said. “A U.S. senator can’t take a bribe and say you can’t convict me because that guy is my friend.”

Koski said the reasonable-doubt standard that applies to the charges does not mean the prosecution must establish proof of guilt beyond all doubt. “All we are asking you to do is base your decision on the evidence before you. If you do that, it will be as easy as telling a greedy doctor and a corrupt politician you can’t bill Medicare three times for something you paid for once.”