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DECISION & ORDER   Appeal from an amended final judgment of the Civil Court of the City of New York, Kings County (Sandra E. Roper, J.), entered May 30, 2019. The amended final judgment, after a nonjury trial, dismissed the complaint in an action for partition and, upon defendant’s counterclaim, “impose[d] a constructive trust” on the subject real property and directed that the “current” deed be stricken and a “new” one “perfect[ed]” in the name of defendant, Renee D. Parker, “ solely and exclusively.” PER CURIAM ORDERED that the amended final judgment is reversed, without costs, the counterclaim is dismissed, and the matter is remitted to the Civil Court for the entry of an interlocutory judgment in accordance with this decision and order. Plaintiff commenced this action in Supreme Court, Kings County, in October 2014 against her sister for partition of a multi-family building in Brooklyn, for which the deed listed them as joint tenants. Defendant’s answer asserted as an affirmative defense that, based on the doctrine of constructive trust, plaintiff has no interest in the subject property and interposed a counterclaim for the imposition of a constructive trust upon the subject property. In January 2019, the action was transferred to the Civil Court, Kings County, pursuant to CPLR 325 (d). After a nonjury trial, at which it was uncontested that the deed for the subject building was in the names of both parties as joint tenants and that the mortgage was co-signed by plaintiff and defendant, the Civil Court found that defendant is, in effect, the sole owner of the subject property, granted defendant’s counterclaim to “impose[] a constructive trust” on behalf of defendant, directed that the “current” deed be stricken and a “new” one “perfect[ed]” in the name of defendant, Renee D. Parker, “ solely and exclusively,” and dismissed the complaint. The Civil Court is a court of limited jurisdiction, possessing only that subject matter jurisdiction as is provided by law (see NY Const, art VI, §15; Green v. Lakeside Manor Home for Adults, Inc., 30 Misc 3d 16 [App Term, 2d Dept, 2d, 11th and 13th Jud Dists 2010]). An order “transferring down” an action from Supreme Court to Civil Court pursuant to CPLR 325 (d) does not confer subject matter jurisdiction on the Civil Court (see Priel v. Linarello, 7 Misc 3d 64, 66 [App Term, 2d Dept, 2d & 11th Jud Dists 2005], affd 44 AD3d 835 [2007]) other than permitting a monetary award greater than the limit set by the New York City Civil Court Act (see CCA 202; Green v. Lakeside Manor Home for Adults, Inc., 30 Misc 3d at 18). This court’s authority is merely to rule on the validity of the Civil Court’s amended final judgment, not to reverse the Supreme Court’s CPLR 325 (d) transfer order in the event the Civil Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to grant the relief sought (see Green v. Lakeside Manor Home for Adults, Inc., 30 Misc 3d at 18; Rivera v. Buck, 25 Misc 3d 27 [App Term, 2d Dept, 2d, 11th & 13th Jud Dists 2009]; Briscoe v. White, 8 Misc 3d 1 [App Term, 2d Dept, 9th & 10th Jud Dists 2004]; Priel v. Linarello, 7 Misc 3d 64; but see Kaminsky v. Connolly, 73 Misc 2d 789 [App Term, 1st Dept 1972]). Here, plaintiff seeks a partition of the subject property. Pursuant to CCA 203 (a), the Civil Court has jurisdiction over “[a]n action for the partition of real property where the assessed valuation of the property at the time the action is commenced does not exceed $25,000.” As it is uncontested that the assessed valuation of the property was less than $25,000 when the action was commenced in Supreme Court, contrary to plaintiff’s argument, the Civil Court had jurisdiction to hear the action. A partition action is governed by Article 9 of the Real Property Actions and Proceedings Law. “A person holding and in possession of real property as joint tenant or tenant in common…may maintain an action for the partition of the property, and for a sale if it appears that a partition cannot be made without great prejudice to the owners” (RPAPL 901 [1]). Since it is undisputed that the parties are on the deed as joint tenants of the subject property, plaintiff has demonstrated, prima facie, that she is entitled to partition. Defendant’s counterclaim seeks the imposition of a constructive trust. A counterclaim in the Civil Court may only be maintained if the subject matter would be within the jurisdiction of the court “if sued upon separately” (CCA 208). The imposition of a constructive trust is a form of equitable relief (see Simonds v. Simonds, 45 NY2d 233, 241 [1978]; Rowe v. Kingston, 94 AD3d 852 [2012]; Jimenez v. Nunez, 42 Misc 3d 145[A], 2014 NY Slip Op 50341[U] [App Term, 2d Dept, 2d, 11th & 13th Jud Dists 2014]) and there is no statute conferring upon the Civil Court of the City of New York the subject matter jurisdiction to grant this affirmative equitable relief (see CCA 201, 203). Consequently, to the extent that the Civil Court adjudicated that issue as an affirmative claim, it went beyond its jurisdiction (see Nissequogue Boat Club v. State of New York, 14 AD3d 542 [2005]) and, thus, the counterclaim must be dismissed. However, the Civil Court is not barred from, and indeed has the authority to, adjudicate the issue of a constructive trust as an affirmative defense to this partition action (see CCA 905; Nissequogue Boat Club, 14 AD3d 542; Fizzinoglia v. Capozzoli, 58 Misc 3d 149[A], 2018 NY Slip Op 50081[U] [App Term, 2d Dept, 9th & 10th Jud Dists 2018]; Freire v. Fajardo, 28 Misc 3d 137[A], 2010 NY Slip Op 51453[U] [App Term, 2d Dept, 2d, 11th & 13th Jud Dists 2010]), in which the ultimate title to the property is always at issue (see RPAPL 907 [1]). Upon a review of the record, we find that defendant failed to establish a constructive-trust defense. “Generally, a constructive trust may be imposed when property has been acquired in such circumstances that the holder of the legal title may not in good conscience retain the beneficial interest” (Sharp v. Kosmalski, 40 NY2d 119, 121 [1976] [internal quotation marks and brackets omitted]; see Edwards v. Walsh, 169 AD3d 865 [2019]; Ning Xiang Liu v. Al Ming Chen, 133 AD3d 644 [2015]). “The elements of a constructive trust are (1) a fiduciary or confidential relationship; (2) an express or implied promise; (3) a transfer in reliance on the promise; and (4) unjust enrichment” (Ning Xiang Liu v. Al Ming Chen, 133 AD3d at 644 [internal quotation marks omitted]; see Sharp v. Kosmalski, 40 NY2d at 121). Here, defendant failed to establish that she made any transfer in reliance on a promise, or that, prior to the parties’ joint purchase, she possessed any legally cognizable interest in the property with which she could have parted (see Kaufman v. Torkan, 51 AD3d 977, 980 [2008]; Schwab v. Denton, 141 AD2d 714, 715 [1988]). Since plaintiff demonstrated at trial that she is entitled to partition as a joint tenant with defendant, and defendant’s sole defense was based upon a constructive trust, which was not established, the respective rights of the parties must be determined (see Levine v. Goldsmith, 71 App Div 204, 209 [1902] ["The authority for the interlocutory judgment must be found in the decision of the court made upon the trial of the issues"]). There is a presumption that plaintiff and defendant each have an equal interest in the subject property (see Matter of McKelway, 221 NY 15 [1917]), which presumption has not been rebutted. In addition, under the circumstances presented, we find that the property cannot be partitioned without great prejudice to the parties and, thus, that plaintiff is entitled to a sale (see Cadle Co. v. Calcador, 85 AD3d 700 [2011]; Bufogle v. Greek, 152 AD2d 527 [1989]). Accordingly, the amended final judgment is reversed, the counterclaim is dismissed, and the matter is remitted to the Civil Court for the entry of an interlocutory judgment in accordance with this decision and order. ALIOTTA, P.J., WESTON and ELLIOT, JJ., concur. Dated: May 21, 2021

 
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