X

Thank you for sharing!

Your article was successfully shared with the contacts you provided.

The following e-filed documents, listed by NYSCEF document number (Motion 002) 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47 were read on this motion to/for                      SUMMARY JUDGMENT (AFTER JOINDER). DECISION ORDER ON MOTION Upon the foregoing documents, it is hereby ORDERED that the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment, pursuant to CPLR §3212, is denied on the issue of liability against defendants Jose Roberto Aragon and CC Vending, Inc. Plaintiff contends in his motion, inter alia, that he suffered serious injuries when defendants’ vehicle collided with his vehicle after the defendant pulled out of a parking spot, without ensuring that it was safe to do so. Defendants’ counsel filed a cross-motion to consolidate this action with a related action. In addition, defendants’ filed opposition papers to the plaintiff’s summary judgment motion on the issue of liability. Plaintiff’s counsel submitted a reply. This Decision/Order will be outlined in two-parts. First, the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment on the issue of liability, and second, the defendant’s cross-motion for consolidation. I. Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment on the issue of liability and Defendants’ Cross-Motion for liability. In support of his motion for summary judgment on the issue of liability, plaintiff argues that defendants are in violation of VTL §§1162 and 1128(a). Pursuant to VTL §1162, “no person shall move a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.” Pursuant to VTL §1128(a), “a vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.” Plaintiff relies on his own sworn deposition testimony and the sworn testimony of defendant, Jose Roberto Aragon. Plaintiff testified that he was driving on East 45th Street when defendants’ truck moved quickly out of the parking lane on the left side of the street, and struck plaintiff’s vehicle on the left side of the front bumper. Plaintiff also testified that he saw the truck approximately two seconds before impact, and he attempted to press the brakes to avoid the impact but was unable to stop. The plaintiff testified that defendant, Jose Roberto Aragon, admitted liability for the collision. Plaintiff also relies on defendant Aragon’ s deposition testimony where he testified that within one minute prior to the accident, [defendants'] truck was moving into the lane of traffic when the accident happened. See, Exh. E, pp. 22, lines 18-24. Defendant Aragon testified that at the moment of impact, he was looking forward and checking for oncoming traffic in the right-side mirror. Id at pp. 23, lines 7-10. Defendant Aragon testified that he did not see the other vehicle before the accident. Id at. pp 22 lines, 8-10. Defendant further testified that the last time he checked for oncoming traffic was 20 to 30 seconds before he exited the parking lane. Id. at pp. 23 lines 7-18. “In determining whether summary judgment is appropriate, the motion court should draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the nonmoving party and should not pass on issues of credibility.” Garcia v. JC Duggan, Inc., 180 A.D.2d 579, 580 (1st Dep’t 1992), citing, Dauman Displays, Inc. v. Masturzo, 168 A.D.2d 204 (1stDep’t 1990). As such, summary judgment is rarely granted in negligence actions unless there is no conflict at all in the evidence. See, Ugarriza v. Schmieder, 46 N.Y2d 471, 475-476 (1979). Here, Plaintiff has made a prima facie case of negligence since defendants’ vehicle was stopped at a parking spot and should not have moved unless it was reasonably safe, and the burden now shifts to defendants to raise a triable issue of fact. See, Winegrad v. New York University Medical Center, 64 NY2d 851, 853 (1985). In opposition, defendants’ counsel argues, inter alia, that the plaintiff’s summary judgment motion is premature because plaintiff is named as a defendant in a related action pending before this court, and defendants in this action are entitled to depose the parties in the related action. This court rejects defendants’ argument that this motion is premature because discovery is outstanding. Since defendant is a party with knowledge of the factual circumstances as to how…[the accident occurred], discovery would serve no purpose.” Johnson v. Phillips, 261 A.D.2d 269 (1st Dep’t 1999). Further, defendants have submitted the affidavit of defendant-driver, Jose Roberto Aragon. Defendant Aragon states, in his affidavit, that prior to the collision, he looked into his right passenger side mirror for oncoming traffic, and he observed no vehicles approaching East 45th Street. Defendant Aragon contends that he pulled the front most part of his vehicle into the moving lane of traffic, and remained in that position for about twenty to thirty seconds with his right foot on the brake, when the plaintiff’s vehicle struck the front right passenger side of the defendants’ vehicle. Here, the defendants raise genuine issues of fact regarding plaintiff’s prima facie case of negligence with regards to the subject motor vehicle accident in that plaintiff argues that defendant collided with plaintiffs vehicle when defendant pulled out of the parking lane, and defendant argues to the contrary that when defendant pulled out of his parking spot, the plaintiff hit the front passenger side of defendants’ truck. The issue remains to be determined as to whether defendant, while stopped and parked, safely moved from the parking spot and whether defendant ascertained whether it was safe to move by observing oncoming traffic, in accordance with VTL §§1162 and 1128(a). Furthermore, plaintiffs motion to strike the defendants’ affirmative defenses that allege plaintiffs culpable conduct, comparative negligence and contributory negligence is denied. Here, there are issues of fact as it pertains to whether plaintiff was free from negligence. Accordingly, the plaintiffs motion for summary judgment on the issue of liability against defendants, and to dismiss all of defendants’ affirmative defenses alleging culpable conduct, comparative negligence and contributory negligence is denied. II. Defendants’ Cross-Motion for Consolidation In addition to submitting opposition to the plaintiffs motion for summary judgment, defendants cross-moved to consolidate this action, Index No.: 161295/2018 (Action #1) with a related action pending in the Supreme Court, New York County, bearing Index No.: 160571/2019 (Action #2) pursuant to CPLR §602(a). Defendants argue that both actions arise out of the same motor vehicle accident that took place on September 18, 2018, and involve the same witnesses and raise identical issues of fact and law. No opposition has been filed to defendants’ cross-motion to consolidate. Where common questions of law or fact exist, a motion to consolidate or for a joint trial pursuant to CPLR §602(a) should be granted absent a showing of prejudice to a substantial right by the party opposing the motion.” Perini Corp. v. WDF, Inc., 33 A.D.3d 605, 606, 822 N.Y.S.2d 295 (2d Dep’t 2006). Here, both actions involve common questions of law and fact and a joint trial will avoid unnecessary duplication of proceedings, save unnecessary costs and expenses and prevent the injustice which would result from divergent decisions based on the same facts. See, Gutman v. Klein, 26 A.D.3d 464, 465, 811 N.Y.S.2d 413 (2d Dep’t 2006). Thus, the defendants’ motion to consolidate is granted. Here, although the defendants have moved to consolidate the actions, the more appropriate method to hear the matters is to join them, particularly since the two actions involve different plaintiffs. Mas-Edwards v. Ultimate Servs., Inc., 45 A.D.3d 540, 540-41, 845 N.Y.S.2d 414, 415 (2d Dep’t 2007) citing, Perini Corp. v. WDF, Inc., 33 A.D.3d at 606-607, 822 N.Y.S.2d 295 (2d Dep’t 2006). As such, the defendants’ motion seeking consolidation is granted to the extent that the actions will be joined for trial and discovery. Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment is DENIED on the issue of liability as against Defendants Jose Roberto Aragon and CC Vending, Inc., and it is further ORDERED that the Plaintiffs’ motion to dismiss all of Defendants’ affirmative defenses alleging culpable conduct, comparative negligence and contributory negligence is DENIED; and it is further ORDERED that the defendants’ cross-motion to consolidate is GRANTED, and the action Cesar M. Fernandez v. Jose Roberto Aragon and CC Vending, Inc., Index No.: 161295/2018 (Action #1), shall be joined in this Court with action Jose De Los Santos Diaz Garcia and Martin Alexander Capellan Flores v. CC Vending, Inc., Jose Roberto Aragon and Cesar M Fernandez, Index No.: 160571/2019 (Action #2). Therefore, Action #1 and Action #2 shall each retain their original index numbers, Index No.: 161295/2018 and Index No.: 160571/2019, respectively, and the joined actions shall bear the following caption: Cesar M. Fernandez, Plaintiff, v. Jose Roberto Aragon and CC Vending, Inc., Defendants; 161295/2018 Jose De Los Santos Diaz Garcia and Martin Alexander Capellan Flores, Plaintiffs v. CC Vending, Inc., Jose Roberto Aragon, and Cesar M. Fernandez, Defendants; 160571/2019 And it is further ORDERED that the pleadings in the actions are hereby joined for the purposes of trial and discovery; and it is further ORDERED that within 30 days from entry of this order, counsel for movant shall serve a copy of this order with notice of entry upon all parties, on the Clerk of the Court (60 Centre Street, Room 141 B), and the Clerk of the General Clerk’s Office (60 Centre Street, Room 119) who shall join the documents in these actions and shall mark the court’s records to reflect the same; and it is further, ORDERED that service of this order upon the County Clerk and the Clerk of the General Clerk’s Office shall be made in accordance with the procedures set forth in the Protocol on Courthouse and County Clerk Procedures for Electronically Filed Cases (accessible at the “EFiling” page on the court’s website); and it is further ORDERED that any relief sought not expressly addressed herein has nonetheless been considered; and it is further This constitutes the Decision/Order of this Court. CHECK ONE:   CASE DISPOSED X                 NON-FINAL DISPOSITION X         GRANTED DENIED      GRANTED IN PART     OTHER APPLICATION:         SETTLE ORDER             SUBMIT ORDER CHECK IF APPROPRIATE:         INCLUDES TRANSFER/REASSIGN                       FIDUCIARY APPOINTMENT          REFERENCE Dated: March 8, 2021

 
Reprints & Licensing
Mentioned in a Law.com story?

License our industry-leading legal content to extend your thought leadership and build your brand.

More From ALM

Premium Subscription

With this subscription you will receive unlimited access to high quality, online, on-demand premium content from well-respected faculty in the legal industry. This is perfect for attorneys licensed in multiple jurisdictions or for attorneys that have fulfilled their CLE requirement but need to access resourceful information for their practice areas.
View Now

Team Accounts

Our Team Account subscription service is for legal teams of four or more attorneys. Each attorney is granted unlimited access to high quality, on-demand premium content from well-respected faculty in the legal industry along with administrative access to easily manage CLE for the entire team.
View Now

Bundle Subscriptions

Gain access to some of the most knowledgeable and experienced attorneys with our 2 bundle options! Our Compliance bundles are curated by CLE Counselors and include current legal topics and challenges within the industry. Our second option allows you to build your bundle and strategically select the content that pertains to your needs. Both options are priced the same.
View Now

Legalweek(year) 2021

February 02, 2021 - July 14, 2021
Virtual

Legalweek(year) will bring together thousands of legal professionals for a series of 5 innovative virtual legal events.


Register

New York Legal Awards 2021

October 21, 2021
New York, NY

The New York Law Journal honors attorneys and judges who have made a remarkable difference in the legal profession in New York.


Register

GlobeSt. NET LEASE Spring 2021

June 16, 2021 - June 17, 2021
New York City, NY

This conference brings together the industry's most influential & knowledgeable real estate executives from the net lease sector.


Register

CONTRACTS ATTORNEY/TEMP-PART TIME

REMOTE, Pennsylvania, United States

CONTRACTS ATTORNEY/TEMP-PART TIME (PH06172021)We have a very nice new Temp/PT opening with a retail client in the mid-west: ALL REMOTE. Our...


Apply Now ›

Corporate Associate, Junior to Mid-Level

Baltimore, Maryland, United States

Duane Morris LLP has an opening for a junior to mid-level transactional associate to be based in its Baltimore, Maryland office. Join a rapi...


Apply Now ›

Corporate Associate, Junior to Mid-Level

Washington D.C., District of Columbia, United States

Duane Morris LLP has an opening for a junior to mid-level transactional associate to be based in its Washington, D.C., office. Join a rapidl...


Apply Now ›

MARTIN CLEARWATER & BELL, LLP

06/15/2021
NYLJ Web

MARTIN, CLEARWATER & BELL LLP COUNSELORS AT LAW IN MEMORY OF FRANCIS PETER BENSEL


View Announcement ›

GILL & CHAMAS

06/14/2021
NJLJ Web

GILL & CHAMAS Congratulations to our partner and friend,DAVID H. LANDE, ESQ on his appointment to Judge in the Division of Workers Compensation.


View Announcement ›

MANDELBAUM SALSBURG PC

06/07/2021
NJLJ Web

Please to announce that....


View Announcement ›