Due to an editing error, an essay yesterday by Southern District Judge Jed Rakoff, “The Heroic Judges of Iraq,” reported incorrectly the period in which Iraq’s civil code was modified. The passage should have read, “In more recent centuries, what is now Iraq but was then part of the Ottoman Empire, developed what is essentially a civil law system, with codes largely derived from French models, but modified in the 20th century, first by British law when Iraq was a British protectorate, then by Sharia law when Iraq was a constitutional monarchy, and then by Socialist law, when the Ba’athists were in power.”