[1] According to the Washington Post, “Israel formally declared war against the Palestinian militant group Hamas on Sunday [October 8, 2023] as it reeled from a surprise attack that killed more than 700 people, opening the way for a major escalation in fighting that already threatened to engulf the region.”

[2] To be clear, we are addressing the first and second questions independently.  Indeed, given our response to the first question, it cannot be presumed that the speaking engagements would take place at a “stand with Israel” event.