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On March 23, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) issued its Final Voluntary Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines. The purpose of the guidelines is to provide a structured, scientific process for the evaluation and mitigation of impacts of wind energy projects on wildlife conservation at all stages of land-based wind energy development, as well as to promote more effective communication among wind energy developers and conservation agencies at all levels of government. The guidelines’ definition of “project” is broad, including “all phases of wind energy development, including, but not limited to, prospecting, site assessment, construction, operation and decommissioning, as well as all associated infrastructure and interconnecting electrical lines.”