Wilmington Trust headquarters in Delaware. Wilmington Trust headquarters in Delaware. Photo Credit: Photo: RevelationDirect via Wikimedia Commons

A federal judge has given preliminary approval to a proposed $210 million settlement in a shareholder class action accusing Wilmington Trust of hiding hundreds of millions of dollars in bad loans from regulators and investors.

U.S. District Judge Eduardo C. Robreno on Tuesday said the terms of the agreement, struck in May, appeared adequate to resolve investor claims against the century-old institution. Under the settlement, Wilmington Trust would pay $200 million, and auditing firm KPMG would pay $10 million.

“The settlement agreements were reached at arm’s length, after substantial discovery, between well-informed and experienced counsel that were agreed to after extensive fact and expert discovery,” said Robreno, a visiting judge from the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, in a 10-page ruling.

“Facially, the settlement agreements do not disclose grounds to doubt their fairness or other obvious deficiencies.”

An accompanying order from Robreno scheduled a fairness hearing for Nov. 5 in a Philadelphia courtroom, the next step toward a final resolution in the nearly eight-year-old civil case.

Plaintiffs attorneys submitted the proposed settlement May 25, three weeks after a federal jury convicted some of the bank’s top executives of fraud and conspiracy in the first criminal case to charge a financial institution in connection with the federal bank bailout program.

Wilmington Trust reached a $60 million settlement with prosecutors last October, just as the trial before U.S. District Judge Richard G. Andrews of the District of Delaware was initially set to begin.

The criminal case hinged on the government’s allegations that Robert V.A. Harra, David Gibson, William North and Kevyn N. Rakowski orchestrated a scheme to conceal the amount of ”toxic” real estate loans on its books between October 2009 and November 2010. According to the indictment, Wilmington Trust avoided mandatory disclosures to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Federal Reserve Bank by “waiving” matured loans from the reporting requirements for past due loans.

Prosecutors said that by the end of 2009, the bank reported just $10.8 million of the $344.2 million in commercial real estate loans that were past due by 90 days or more, giving investors and regulators a false impression of the Delaware financial institution’s health. Under pressure to eliminate the past due and matured loans, the executives hatched a plan to “mass-extend” more than 800 commercial loans worth around $1.3 billion.

Once the public learned the scope of the toxic loans, Wilmington Trust was purchased in a fire sale by M&T Bank in November 2010 for just $3.84 per share—about $9.41 per share less than its value when the bank raised $273.9 million in a public offering nine months prior, according to court documents.

Defense attorneys have strongly disputed the result and continue to challenge the verdict in federal court proceedings.

Harra, North and Rakowski formerly served as Wilmington Trust’s president, chief credit officer and controller, respectively. Gibson, who served as the bank’s former CFO, was convicted on three additional counts of making false certifications in financial reports. Wilmington Trust’s former chairman and CEO Ted Cecala was never charged.

The civil case was filed two years before the government initiated its criminal suit. Attorneys for the plaintiffs said their complaint alleged wrongdoing over a longer period of time and covering a wider range of issues.

The settlement, they said, was reached independently of the criminal verdicts and would allow investors to recover 40 percent of the maximum likely recoverable damages in the case.

“Approving the settlements here provides the class with a substantial, immediate concrete benefit and avoids the protracted risks and uncertainties inherent in this long-running case,” the plaintiffs’ Bernstein Litowitz Berger & Grossmann and Saxena White attorneys wrote in May. “By any measure, the $210 million recovery represents an excellent result and if approved will provide substantial relief for the class.”

Wilmington Trust is represented by attorneys from Williams & Connolly and Venable.

The civil case is captioned In re Wilmington Trust Securities Litigation.