Hugo Alvarez, Shareholder with Becker & Poliakoff in Coral Gables.

Social media sites like Facebook and LinkedIn are increasingly being used today for professional purposes. Those purposes include maintaining professional networks and promoting certain brands and companies. On the other hand, an individual’s social media activity may serve as the basis for a claim involving the breach of a nonsolicitation agreement.

A nonsolicitation agreement is a legal agreement wherein the employee agrees to restrain from soliciting the company’s clients or customers once the employment relationship between that employee and employer is terminated. That agreement is intended to protect the employer from unfair competition from the employee once the employee leaves.

However, the use of social media platforms like Facebook and LinkedIn begs the question as to whether a former employee’s social media posts are a violation of the nonsolicitation agreement. In illustrating how problematic this issue may be for both the former employee and employer, two cases reached very different results in addressing that question.

In Bankers Life & Casualty v. American Senior Benefits, (Ill. App. Ct. 2017), the court concluded that certain social media posts did not constitute a violation of the employee’s nonsolicitation agreement. In that case, Greg Geliuni had signed a nonsolicitation agreement with his employer, Bankers Life. He later left Bankers Life and went to work for one of its competitors, American Senior Benefits, LLC. After Geliuni started working for American Senior Benefits, LLC., he sent out a LinkedIn invite to several of his former colleagues at Bankers Life inviting them to join his LinkedIn network. Anyone that accepted that invitation could then see a job posting that Geliuni had posted for his new employer on his LinkedIn profile.

Bankers Life sued Geliuni and American Senior Benefits, LLC, alleging that Geliuni’s LinkedIn invite to his former colleagues violated the terms of his nonsolicitation agreement with Bankers Life. Bankers Life claimed that anyone that actually accepted the LinkedIn invitation could then see the job posting to work for Bankers Life’s competing firm.

The court was not persuaded by Bankers Life’s arguments. It concluded that Geliuni’s “generic” email invitation “did not contain any discussion of Banker’s Life, no mention of ASB, no suggestion that the recipient viewed a job description on Geliuni’s profile page, and no solicitation to leave their place of employment and join American Senior Benefits, LLC.”

However, the court in Mobile Mini v. Vevea, 2017 WL 3172712 (D. Minn. July 25, 2017), reached a different result when confronted with a former’s employee’s targeted LinkedIn social media posts. In that case, Liz Vevea left her job with Mobile Mini and went to work with one of Mobile Mini’s competitors. Vevea then posted several messages on LinkedIn inviting her social media network to contact her about a “quote” and letting her social media audience know that her new company was the “best” to work with and inviting her network to “connect.”

In concluding that Vevea had violated the terms of her nonsoliciation agreement, the court noted that her social media posts were “not mere status updates.” Rather, the court concluded that Vevea’s social media posts were “blatant sales pitches.” The court went on to note that instead of “merely announcing a job change, the language of the posts here demonstrates that Vevea’s purpose was to entice members of Vevea’s network to call her for the purpose of making sales in her new position.”

As these two cases illustrate, merely accepting or sending a friend request on Facebook or updating a LinkedIn profile, without more, will generally not violate a nonsolicitation agreement. Indeed, courts have concluded that status updates sent over social media are generally not a violation of nonsolicitation agreements. The rationale being that social media posts are now embedded in our daily social fabric and merely announcing a new job on social media is a common occurrence in our society today.

However, social media posts aimed at a specific population or focused on former colleagues or customers, such as what occurred in Mobile Mini v. Vevea, may be actionable. Former employees bound by nonsolicitation agreements should be very careful when using social media platforms especially if they intend to engage in promotional activity such as what Vevea did in the Mobile Mini case. As that case illustrates, anything more than a mere status update or generic invitation to join a social media group may prove to be actionable and a violation of the nonsolicitation agreement.

Therefore, employees who signed a nonsolicitation agreement should understand the scope and reach of that agreement before engaging their social media network. Because failing to understand the scope of that agreement could prove to be very costly if the employee’s former employer decides to sue the employee to enforce the nonsolicitation agreement.

Moreover, employers today should re-visit their nonsolicitation agreements in an effort to address social media use post-employment. Employers may be in a better position of establishing a breach of the nonsolicitation agreement by specifically addressing the use of social media in the agreement. However, even if the nonsolicitation agreement is silent on the use of social media post-employment, employers should nonetheless remind employees to refrain from engaging in conduct that could constitute a violation of the nonsolicitation agreement by way of overly aggressive social media posts.

Hugo V. Alvarez is a sharehoder with the business litigation practice group at Becker in Coral Gables. Contact him at Halvarez@beckerlawyers.com.