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Alisha Cordell appeals from an order following a bench trial terminating her parental rights to her son, D.P., a minor child, where no findings of fact and conclusions of law were requested, and none were signed or filed. By two points of error, Cordell contends the evidence is legally and factually insufficient to terminate her parental rights. Based upon the rationale expressed herein, we reverse the judgment and remand the cause to the trial court.

Cordell is the natural mother of D.P., who was born on February 15, 1999. Because Cody Podzemny was originally thought to be the natural father of the child, he was joined as a party, but after tests showed that he was not the natural father, he was dismissed and Michael Jean Cates was made a party. Cates filed a voluntary affidavit of relinquishment of his parental rights.

During all relevant times, Podzemny and Cordell resided together. On May 22, 1999, when D.P. was about three months old, Cordell took him to the emergency room because he had been vomiting for several hours. At that time, no visible injuries or bruises on the infant were noted; however, x-rays indicated that D.P. had suffered several fractures of his ribs. The medical professionals concluded that the fractures had occurred at various times within the last 30 days and that they were not the result of an accident. One professional concluded that the child was a victim of abuse or neglect. Four days after D.P. was taken to the hospital, the Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (the Department) assumed custody of the child by emergency order signed May 26, 1999. Following a non-jury trial, the court terminated Cordell’s parental rights concluding that she had (a) knowingly placed or knowingly allowed the child to remain in conditions or surroundings that endangered the physical or emotional well-being of the child; (b) engaged in conduct or knowingly placed the child with persons who engaged in conduct that endangered the physical or emotional well-being of the child; and (c) termination of Cordell’s parental rights was in the best interest of the child. See Tex. Fam. Code Ann. � 161.001(1) (D) and (E) and (2) (Vernon Pamph. Supp. 2002). *fn1

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