For years, Southern District of New York Judge Robert W. Sweet has been a vocal opponent of mandatory minimum drug sentencing.

So when the U.S. Supreme Court issued United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 in 2005, rendering the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines “advisory,” Sweet and other critics of mandatory sentences appeared to have new-found freedom to depart from the guidelines and impose what they see as a fairer sentence.