The New York Court of Appeals heard spirited arguments Wednesday on whether New York should become the second state to legalize gay marriage. The judges did little to tip their hands as to how they would vote, greeting both sides with wide-ranging, skeptical questions.

The arguments covered the four joined decisions that each held that New York state law precludes same-sex couples from marrying, the 1st Department case Hernandez v. Robles, 805 NYS 2d 354 and the 3rd Department cases Seymour v. Holcomb, 811 NYS 2d 134, Matter of Kane v. Marsolais, 808 NYS 2d 566, and Samuels v. New York State Department of Health, 811 NYS 2d 136.