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Q: I am looking for a service that compiles regulatory histories for federal and state regulations. A: We asked Rick McKinney for help on this one. McKinney, who is assistant law librarian at the Federal Reserve Board in Washington, D.C., addressed this topic in “Questions and Answers in Legislative and Regulatory Research.” His article was published on the Web in the “Legislative Source Book,” released by the Law Librarians Society of Washington D.C. The Society’s Web site is at http://www.llsdc.org. McKinney said, “By federal regulatory history, I assume you mean the preambles and texts that appear with regulations as they are published in proposed and final forms in the Federal Register. For these, I would head first to the agency that promulgates the regulations, as its staff may have made and maintained such a compilation for its own use. However, you should know that it was not until 1978 that agencies were required by the Office of the Federal Register to append to the regulations’ specified preamble information (i.e., general purpose and comment summaries). Before that time, preamble information was less lengthy and not well organized. Also, before 1971, brief explanations (if there were any) usually followed the text of the regulations.” McKinney also said that it is worth noting when compiling regulatory histories that both Westlaw and Lexis offer the Federal Register online from July 1980. For those who do not want to compile histories themselves, there are at least two services to call. One is ResearchSource at 202-778-0002; fax 202-331-1585, is based in Washington, D.C., the birthplace of all federal regulations. Ceceile Kay Richter, the owner of this research service, has compiled many such histories and recommends that the compilation of the legislative and programmatic history go hand in hand with that of a regulatory history. The other is Legislative Research, Inc. This service specializes in historical research surrounding the adoption of California statutes, regulations, and constitutional provisions. However, its staff can handle legislative intent research for statutes and regulations for any state and the federal government. LRI’s telephone number is 800-530-7613. You can also check out the Web site at http://www.lrihistory.com/. Q: How can I find the telephone number for a lawyer in France? A: There are several Web sites that are useful for finding this information. To find the most expedient path to this data, I checked on an acquaintance who is a lawyer in Paris. His name is Emmanuel Michau. First, I checked the West Group directories ( http://www.lawoffice.com/) and Martindale-Hubbell ( http://www.lawyers.com/). Although both services offer international coverage, I could not find Michau’s home or office listed. Next, I searched several global directories with some success. Infobel ( http://www.infobel.com/) claims that you can find anyone in the world via its service, which includes information and services for 187 countries. France was one of the countries listed on the opening pages. I was offered a choice of white or yellow pages. I looked at both and in each I entered Michau’s name — last name first and the city (Paris). I found his home and business addresses and fax and phone numbers in the white pages; I found only his office information in the yellow pages. An English map showing the location of each was also provided. WorldPages.com was another site where I was successful. At the site’s first page, click on “International” under Directories, and then select “France.” Only the yellow pages were available. The search here yielded Michau’s office telephone and fax numbers and addresses. A photograph was available, and, in addition, a map was provided. No e-mail address was available at either site. The directories at both sites are in French, so if you do not remember your high school French, you might be at a disadvantage.

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