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Name and title: Joe Iarocci, general counsel Age: 44 CARE: Founded in New York in 1945 to provide sustenance to World War II survivors, Atlanta-based CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere Inc.) ( www.care.org) now seeks long-term, sustainable solutions to worldwide poverty and related problems. Trying to address the root causes, the nonprofit humanitarian organization has moved beyond its famous CARE packages into the areas of human rights, advocacy and policy change, HIV/AIDS (with 45 million cases in Africa alone) and basic education, particularly for women. CARE’s staff of 13,000 serves in 72 countries. Its broad donor base, including various governments, foreign supporters and 320,000 individuals and corporations in the United States, brought in $520 million in revenues last year. He cares: “I’ve stood in the middle of a minefield in Angola; I’ve been in the Ethiopian supreme court and in a prison in Kosovo,” said Iarocci. “I’ve been to a girls’ school held in the middle of the night on the Nile River, and I’ve counseled commercial sex workers in western Africa.” Unique GC: For Iarocci, every workday is one of a kind. Not every attorney gets the opportunity to argue a case before a United Nations judge, seeking to free a co-worker imprisoned for four months in Kosovo. Lawyers also typically don’t work with Palestinian assistance groups to sign no-terrorism pledges, one of Iarocci’s recent experiences. “On my best days, I feel that I’m contributing to the mission of CARE to eliminate poverty and to ensure that every person enjoys at least the minimum standards required to live in dignity and security,” Iarocci said. He said that this kind of focus is rare in the for-profit realm, as are the feelings of family and comradeship that he relishes at CARE. Toiling under the influence of CARE’s experts has offered Iarocci a special classroom-he now has working knowledge of microfinance, microlending, small business skills, natural resources and maternal health. Typical GC: Iarocci also compares his job to that of a general counsel at any large business, noting that many of his day-to-day responsibilities, albeit in exotic locales, are similar. He oversees claims and litigation, looks at contracts and paperwork, participates in internal audits and works with the board of directors. He is involved in intellectual property and personnel matters and helps staff members become familiar with government regulations. “I also have to keep an eye on this stuff,” Iarocci said, referring to the direct mail, gifts, Web site donations and foundations under the auspices of CARE’s 12 domestic fund-raising offices. Regulation woes: Although CARE has no shareholders and pays no taxes, its GC still spends time grappling with Sarbanes-Oxley issues. Some lawmakers are pushing to expand the breadth of the act, with its financial-disclosure regulations, to include nonprofits. Various USA Patriot Act rules, and their attendant scrutiny of nonprofits, have also become “a bit of a burden and a challenge,” said Iarocci. Increased emphasis by the U.S. Treasury Department on due diligence of donors is problematic as well, and “the donor community is very jumpy about this.” An unintended consequence of this tighter oversight is that some corporations are halting matching gifts for fear of violating stricter donor requirements. Iarocci lamented that some resources that previously would be used in the field must now be diverted in order to adhere to the new standards. Most frustrating facet: “To make the American people, who are so rich, understand the magnitude of world poverty and how much they can help. It’s very, very difficult to connect people here with the conditions where a billion people live on a dollar a day, another billion live on two dollars a day.” Legal team: Iarocci’s colleagues, Carol Kirsky and Leslie Shad, help him manage CARE’s in-house legal affairs. For domestic outside counsel, he calls upon Washington’s Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering and Atlanta’s Smith, Curry & Hancock. With the exception of Afghanistan, CARE utilizes foreign counsel, where needed, from its host countries. These are typically solo practitioners. Route to the top: The Milwaukee-born Iarocci received degrees from Brown University (1981) and Cornell Law School (1984). He launched his career in New York, working until 1992 as an antitrust attorney at Shearman & Sterling. He then moved to his wife’s hometown of Atlanta, where he partnered at a small local firm before broadening his horizons. “I became interested in a career in the nonprofit world,” Iarocci said, “after seeing a National Law Journal profile of my friend, Regina Hopkins, who was the general counsel of Habitat for Humanity.” CARE’s general counsel position became available in 1998, starting Iarocci on his odyssey. Personal: Iarocci lives in Atlanta with his wife, Laura, and their daughters, Alexandra, 14, Allison, 12 and Laura Caroline, 7. In his spare time, he is pursuing a master’s degree in theology at Atlanta’s Emory University. Last book and movie: All the Names, by Jos� Saramago (translated by Margaret Jull Costa), and Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl.

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