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Before Boudin, Gajarsa, *fn1 and Lipez, Circuit Judges.

The Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (“LHWCA” or “the Act”), 33 U.S.C. §§*901-950, establishes a uniform no-fault compensation scheme for covered maritime workers who suffer disability or death in connection with their employment. Enacted after a series of Supreme Court decisions restricted the application of state workers’ compensation laws within the federal maritime jurisdiction, the LHWCA was “designed to ensure that a compensation remedy existed for all injuries sustained by employees on navigable waters, and to avoid uncertainty as to the source, state or federal, of that remedy.” Calbeck v. Travelers Ins. Co., 370 U.S. 114, 124 (1962).

Section 20(a) of the LHWCA provides that certain disabilities are presumed to be work-related “in the absence of substantial evidence to the contrary.” 33 U.S.C. §*920(a). Relying on that provision, the Benefits Review Board affirmed an award of disability benefits for respondent Clair Maynard Fields. Fields’s employer Bath Iron Works (“BIW”), a ship manufacturing facility based in Bath, Maine, now petitions for review of the Board’s decision, arguing that it produced “substantial evidence” to rebut the statutory presumption and, alternatively, that the Board exceeded the scope of its authority in vacating an earlier decision of the ALJ that rejected Fields’s claim for benefits. We disagree on both points and therefore deny the petition.

 
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