In a First Amendment challenge to mandatory bar association membership, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit judges on Tuesday questioned what types of statements go beyond a bar organization’s primary role of regulating attorneys.

The appeal centers on articles the Oregon bar published in its monthly bulletin in April 2018, including one that condemned white nationalist violence. Oregon attorney Daniel Crowe and the Oregon Civil Liberties Attorneys sued the state bar, claiming their right to freedom of association was violated.