As Johnson v. NCAA awaits a ruling from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, the potential for college athletes to eventually be classified as employees looms—along with a number of tricky questions for their would-be employers.

The plaintiffs in the case, former college athletes, are seeking to make student-athletes subject to the Fair Labor and Standards Act (FLSA), which would require universities and colleges to pay them a minimum wage and and overtime.