A federal judge in Washington, D.C., on Friday questioned government and private attorneys about law enforcement’s clearing of Lafayette Square last year in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, as she weighed whether to let a series of lawsuits on the law enforcement actions move forward.

Several federal lawsuits were filed in the D.C. trial court in the days after the June 1 clearing of the square, ahead of then-President Donald Trump walking to a nearby church for a photo op in the midst of demonstrations against police violence taking place across the country. The forceful clearing of the park, in which officers used tear gas and nonlethal ammunition against peaceful protesters, was widely condemned; Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, apologized for his participation in the photo op.