The push-pull of U.S.-China trade relations has continued over the past month. While both Congress and the president have moderated some earlier stances on Chinese investment in the United States, the president has also made new threats to impose tariffs on the full range of imports from China. Congressional opposition to tariffs has gained momentum, but without a must-pass legislative vehicle—and with the threat of a veto—passage of proposed legislation is unlikely. In the meantime, legal challenges to recent tariffs are proceeding before the Court of International Trade and the World Trade Organization, but with limited prospects to alter policy in the near term. In sum, although both Congress and the administration have been willing to shift some prior positions on Chinese investment and trade in response to business concerns, larger trade disputes continue to escalate and are unlikely to be resolved legislatively or judicially.

FIRRMA Legislation—A Substantial Expansion but Less Sweeping Than Its Original Form