The short-circuited campaign in 2000 to arrange vote trading between supporters of presidential candidates Al Gore and Ralph Nader died when California election officials threatened the online sites with vote buying charges. In December, the 9th Circuit said California's action violated the free speech rights of people who wanted to swap votes. On Thursday the full court refused to back off that position, over the objection of three conservative judges.
9th Circuit: Vote-Swapping Arrangements Protected by First Amendment
The National Law Journal
March 14, 2008