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There are two basic types of e-waste laws: The first mandates recycling programs for different types of electronics. These can include, depending on state law, electronics such as hard drives, monitors, cell phones, DVD players and televisions. Most often, manufacturers are responsible for instituting recycling programs. The second type of law prohibits electronics from ending up in landfills.
States are listed alphabetically. All data is gathered from the Electronics TakeBack Coalition.
Arizona: Producer responsibility bill introduced by legislature in January.
California: Consumers pay an advanced recycling fee when buying electronics, and the money goes into a recycling fund. California is currently the only state where the responsibility rests on consumers instead of manufacturers. The state also has the most widespread e-waste landfill ban of any state.
Connecticut: Producer responsibility bill takes effect in July, and a disposal ban takes effect in 2011.
Hawaii: Has a producer responsibility take-back law for computers.
Illinois: Has a producer responsibility law that includes the broadest range of products in the U.S. The state’s landfill ban will take effect in 2012.
Indiana: Legislature introduced producer responsibility bill in January.
Iowa: Legislature introduced producer responsibility bill in February.
Maine: Passed the first producer responsibility law in the U.S. in 2004. In 2006, the state enacted a landfill ban on cathode ray tubes (CRTs), common in TVs and monitors.
Maryland: Passed a five-year pilot producer responsibility program in 2005.
Massachusetts: Banned incinerating CRTs or putting them in landfills in 2000.
Michigan: Manufacturers must institute take-back programs in order to sell in the state.
Missouri: Producer responsibility program will start in July or later, just for computers.
Minnesota: CRTs have been banned from landfills since 2006. Manufacturers also have specific recycling goals based on their sales in the state.
Nebraska: Bill in committee, proposing manufacturers pay a fee that goes toward recycling, which can be reduced if manufacturer recycles.
New Hampshire: Disposal ban for video display devices in effect since 2007.
New Jersey: Producer responsibility law signed by the governor in January. A disposal ban goes into effect in 2012.
New York City: Passed a producer take-back law in 2008, and a disposal prevention law goes into effect in 2010.
North Carolina: Will implement producer responsibility law in 2010 and disposal ban in 2012.
Oklahoma: Passed producer responsibility law just for computers in 2008.
Oregon: Producer responsibility law took effect in January, and the state’s disposal ban will start in 2012.
Rhode Island: Disposal ban and producer responsibility law both in effect.
South Carolina: A consumer recycling fee based on California’s system was proposed in January.
Texas: Producer responsibility law just for computers passed in 2007
Vermont: A bill based on Minnesota’s law, requiring recycling based on states sales, was proposed to the Senate in February.
Virginia: Passed computer manufacturer responsibility bill. Also allows localities to ban CRTs in landfill.
Washington State: Producer responsibility law took effect Jan. 1. Some counties have enacted disposal bans.
West Virginia: Has a producer responsibility law on the books.